Spruce Budworm Lessons
budworm Choristoneura fumiferana (Clemens) is one of the most
destructive native insects in the northern spruce and fir forests of the Eastern
United States and Canada. Periodic outbreaks of the spruce budworm are a part of
the natural cycle of events associated with the maturing of balsam fir.
The first recorded outbreak of the
spruce budworm in the United States occurred in Maine about 1807. Another
outbreak followed in 1878. Since 1909 there have been waves of budworm out
breaks throughout the Eastern United States and Canada. The States most often
affected are Maine, New Hampshire, New York, Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin.
These outbreaks have resulted in the loss of millions of cords of spruce and
Read SBW lessons from two Maine
teachers who have developed lessons for students and for their communities:
Created by Don Sprangers,
Washington Academy, E. Machias Maine:
for the next Spruce Budworm Outbreak
Created by Susan Linscott, Lee Academy, Lee, Maine:
Budworm Community Outreach Program
Budworm Community Outreach Rubric
to Use - Elementary Forestry Activity:
Haines, Lewiston HS Science teacher, has designed a template for students to use
when creating a file about their Adopted Tree or their Adopted Forest. A file
folder, a camera, creative writing and the PLT PreK-8 guide are all you need to
prepare and present this hands-on and individualized activity great for any age.
Jon Millet, Cony HS Civics teacher
prepared two forest related lessons following his participation in a summer MTF/PLT
Teachers’ Tour. Thanks to Jon for sharing these forest economy related lessons
written for grades 11 and 12. Read the lessons by clicking on the link below.
Maine’s Forest Industry
The Student will learn the role Maine’s Forest Industry plays in the
economy of Maine.
Maine Learning Results Literacy in History/SS Subjects 6-12
Maine Learning Results Reading/Writing for SS
students with background information about the Maine Forest Industry and its
influence on the Maine Economy. Students
will supplement information with their own research.
Maine’s Forest Industry
The Student will promote the use of Government Fiscal Policy to support
growth and sustainability for the Forest Industry/Products Sector.
Area: Maine Learning Results Literacy in
History/SS Subjects 6-12
Merrill, Oxford Hills teacher, put together a lesson plan for his Hospitality
course. Check out how he has tied
together student objectives and experiences while connecting them to a variety
of PLT lessons – see the link below
Discuss Hospitality, Tourism &
Stages of a guest cycle
experience starts with the seamless guest experience as the base of Maslow's
level experiences comes from the additional stimulation and personal growth from
taking a piece when you go.
for place based learning:
Haines uses digital photography to get students to see and record information
about their “place”. This Laurie designed lesson is complete with an
introduction, outdoor and indoor applications and resources for using
photography as a teaching/learning tool. Her resources and teaching strategies
make this a ready to use lesson. Check out another of Laurie’s lessons for
place based science field studies.
Outdoor Classroom and Demonstration Learning Guide
Creating a Demonstration Forest
handbook to Plan, Fund, Build, and Effectively Use a Community Educational
Maine Forest Service Video on Woodland Stewardship!
video is about the Town of Falmouth's management of its public forests and how
it benefits the community.
Unity College Research Project
Unity College students and professors
designed a Hemlock Woolly Adelgid research project with support from the
University of Maine and EPSCoR. The content and protocol for study plots
supports our Forest Inventory Growth.
(FIG) project and provides authentic
field investigations that teachers might use with h.s. students. The HWA is a
real threat to ME and teaching about it may help in reducing its spread. Allison
Kanoti, entomologist with the ME Forest Service, introduced this aphid-like
insect and its threats to Lincoln MS 7th graders at a 2013 Forestry Day in
Baxter Woods Park. Click
here for the presentation.
for these two Forest Invaders
By Nancy Olmstead
Maine Natural Areas Program, Maine Department
of Agriculture, Conservation and Forestry
Invasive plants such as Japanese barberry and common buckthorn are a threat to
forest regeneration, wildlife, and even human and animal health.
Unfortunately, these two species could go undetected on your woodlot or
town forest because they are shade-tolerant and will grow in the forest
understory. Read the full article to
learn what you can do to reduce these plants from spreading, how to identify the
plants and a citizen science mapping tool for locating their presence.
here for the article.
2012, Project Learning Tree completed PreK-8 Environmental Education
Activity Guide correlations with the Common Core State Standards for both English
Language Arts (ELA)
The Cover Page document on the link below provides guidance for using both
sets of Common Core Standards correlations.
in the Forest guide:
guide will help you plan an event for adults, families, students or
teachers. Walk in the Forest helps audiences of all ages unplug from
their busy lives andwitness the wonder of nature. It provides a great
opportunity for people to appreciate forests, and to teach others about the
benefits forests provide and how forest management can enhance those
provide the best land cover when it comes to protecting soil, moderating
streamflow, supporting healthy aquatic systems, and sustaining good water
quality." Barnes et. al. 2009 Forests Water & People
to A Maine Forest Service PowerPoint: Maine Forests Produce Excellent Water
Kennebec Woodland Partnership is a county-based initiative launched in 2009 to
provide tools and strategies to help landowners make informed decisions about
their woodlands and ensure a sustainable future for the county’s forests.
Environmental Education Association (MEEA)
facilitates and promotes environmental education in Maine through the
sharing of ideas, resources, information, and cooperative programs among
educators, organizations, and concerned individuals. MEEA is built on the
strengths and contributions of our members.
Created in 1982, MEEA helps
organizations, schools, groups, educational programs, and individuals
promote and expand environmental education in Maine. In addition, MEEA acts
as a clearing house, keeping groups and individuals informed of issues and
events in the field of environmental education. We believe conserving
Maine's rich cultural and natural heritage requires an environmentally aware
MEEA is an affiliate of the New
England Environmental Education Alliance and the North
American Association of Environmental
Why Teach Outside in Winter?
By Olivia Griset and Corie
much of the U.S. in winter’s grip, two educators from Maine show how teaching
outside in winter can be an outstanding educational opportunity for students of
all ages. You’ll be inspired by their tips for making outdoor learning safe
and fun this season.
Nature Journaling with PLT
By Rob Beadel
how experiential learning across all subjects can be achieved by
encouraging your students to use a nature journal.
Looking for a concise and
illustrated guide to understanding trees? The following site is perfect for
student research and use with your outdoor learning experiences:
The “Silvics of North
America” Volume 1 –Conifers and Volume 2 – Hardwoods provide a maximum age
attained for each species. http://www.na.fs.fed.us/spfo/pubs/silvics_manual/table_of_contents.htm
Websites Featuring information on Children & Nature
& Nature Network: Building a Movement to Reconnect Children and Nature.
Child Left Inside:
A special initiative of Connecticut Governor M. Jodi Rell,
coordinated by the Connecticut Department of Environmental
Protection to encourage Connecticut families and visitors alike
to enjoy all the recreational resources and outdoor activities
available in Connecticut's state parks, forests and
waterways. From Kent Falls in Kent to Stratton Brook in
Simsbury to Fort Trumbull in New London, it's time to discover
the great outdoors!
Website links to the Maine Learning Results & the National Common Core
Learning Results: Maine’s Learning Results serve as the focal point for state and local efforts to improve student learning, define professional development needs, update local curriculum and instructional practices, and assess student achievement. The Learning Results web pages provide information about the rich activity currently underway both in the Department and in schools and educational organizations around the state.
The Common Core State
Standards: The Common Core State Standards provide a consistent, clear understanding of what students are expected to learn, so teachers and parents know what they need to do to help them. The standards are designed to be robust and relevant to the real world, reflecting the knowledge and skills that our young people need for success in college and careers. With American students fully prepared for the future, our communities will be best positioned to compete successfully in the global economy.
The next Generation Science
Standards have been released: www.nextgenscience.org
Plus Science, Technology,
Engineering, Math STEM Connections:
PLT PreK-8 Guide - Resources by Activity:
On: Resources then PreK-8 Guide Resources by Activity